What is GAVE in GI?

Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an uncommon but often severe cause of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, responsible of about 4% of non-variceal upper GI haemorrhage. The diagnosis is mainly based on endoscopic pattern and, for uncertain cases, on histology.

What is the treatment for GAVE?

Purely symptomatic therapy aims for a correction of the chronic or acute blood loss from GAVE. This includes fluid resuscitation and blood transfusions for acute bleeding episodes as well as iron supplementation and, if required, repeated blood transfusions for chronic occult bleeding.

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How common is GAVE?

Although GAVE syndrome is a rare medical condition, it is a relevant possibility in older patients with severe acute or chronic gastrointestinal blood loss, because it accounts for up to 4% of nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal blood loss.

What is GAVE in GI? – Related Questions

Can gave syndrome be cured?

Despite surgical antrectomy being more invasive and having higher complications than endoscopic therapy, it is the only method to achieve a complete cure for GAVE.

Does GAVE cause anemia?

Abstract. Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) syndrome is an uncommon cause of chronic gastrointestinal bleeding and iron deficiency anaemia. We describe two cases of GAVE, one pernicious anaemia related and the other portal hypertension related.

How rare is gastric antral vascular ectasia?

Introduction. Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) presents as upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. It is seen in 4% of all nonvariceal upper GI bleedings. It also occurs as a manifestation of iron deficiency anemia [1].

What is a watermelon belly?

Watermelon stomach is a condition in which the lining of the stomach bleeds, causing it to look like the characteristic stripes of a watermelon when viewed by endoscopy. Although it can develop in men and women of all ages, watermelon stomach is most commonly observed in older women (over age 70 years).

How do you fix a watermelon stomach?

Treatment. Treatment can be surgery and/or medications to stop or control the bleeding. Watermelon stomach is usually treated with endoscopic laser surgery or argon plasma coagulation. Both of these procedures are performed by endoscopy.

What 3 conditions would cause anemia?

Possible causes of anemia include:
  • Iron deficiency.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Folate deficiency.
  • Certain medicines.
  • Destruction of red blood cells earlier than normal (which may be caused by immune system problems)
  • Long-term (chronic) diseases such as chronic kidney disease, cancer, ulcerative colitis, or rheumatoid arthritis.

What is the leading cause of anemia?

The most common causes of anaemia include nutritional deficiencies, particularly iron deficiency, though deficiencies in folate, vitamins B12 and A are also important causes; haemoglobinopathies; and infectious diseases, such as malaria, tuberculosis, HIV and parasitic infections.

What are the three cause of anemia?

Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction. Conditions that may lead to anemia include: Heavy periods.

What does anemia make you feel like?

Anemia is a condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body’s tissues. Having anemia, also referred to as low hemoglobin, can make you feel tired and weak. There are many forms of anemia, each with its own cause.

What is a critically low hemoglobin level?

A severe low hemoglobin level for men is 13.5 gm/dL or lower. For women, a severe low hemoglobin level is 12 gm/dL.

What drink is good for anemia?

7 Iron Rich Drinks to Boost Your Hemoglobin
  • Prune Juice. Dried plums, also known as prunes, are a rich source of plant-based iron.
  • Beetroot Juice.
  • Pea Protein Shakes.
  • Spinach, Cashew, Coconut and Raspberry Smoothie.
  • Pumpkin Juice.
  • Mulberry Smoothie.
  • Flaxseed and Sesame Smoothie.
  • Beet and Orange Smoothie.

What foods should you avoid if you have anemia?

Foods to avoid
  • tea and coffee.
  • milk and some dairy products.
  • foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum.
  • foods that contain phytates or phytic acid, such as brown rice and whole-grain wheat products.
  • foods that contain oxalic acid, such as peanuts, parsley, and chocolate.

What is the best fruit for anemia?

Eat iron-rich foods with vitamin C-rich foods, such as oranges, tomatoes, or strawberries, to improve absorption. Eat iron-rich foods with foods that contain beta carotene, such as apricots, red peppers, and beets, to improve absorption.

Does Coca Cola help with anemia?

Coca-Cola is working with scientists at the University of East Anglia in a bid to prove that Coke can combat anaemia. The soft drink company believes the fizzy drink could encourage the release of greater levels of iron from food, which is then absorbed into the body.

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