- Call the doctor if the bruise is accompanied by swelling and extreme pain, especially if you take a blood-thinning medication for a medical condition.
- Call the doctor if bruising occurs easily or for no apparent reason.
- Call the doctor if the bruise is painful and under a toenail or fingernail.
What conditions can cause bruising?
- Hemophilia A.
- Hemophilia B.
- Von Willebrand disease.
- A low platelet count.
- Cushing’s syndrome.
- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS).
- Vitamin deficiencies.
What bruises are serious?
- A black eye with vision problems.
- Bruising that lasts more than two weeks.
- Frequent large bruises.
- A lump in the bruised area (hematoma).
- Painful swelling.
- Pain that lingers days after the injury.
- A recurring bruise in the same location.
- Unexplained bruising.
What are the three types of bruises?
There are three types of bruises based on their location on your body: Subcutaneous bruises occur just beneath the skin. Intramuscular bruises occur in the underlying muscles. Periosteal bruises occur on the bones.