What is the main cause of melasma?
When you expose your skin to UV light, it triggers the body to produce more pigment. Sometimes, this pigment appears unevenly, causing the blotchy patches and freckle-like spots of melasma.
What is the best treatment for melasma?
Triple combination cream (hydroquinone, tretinoin, and corticosteroid) remains the most effective treatment for melasma, as well as hydroquinone alone. Chemical peels and laser- and light-based devices have mixed results. Oral tranexamic acid is a promising new treatment for moderate and severe recurrent melasma.
What are 3 different types of melasma?
Melasma is divided into three types: epidermal, dermal, and mixed melasma.